Hard Work and External Help: How to Successfully Conduct Macroeconomic Adjustment With Official Assistance

What are the factors that ensure a successful and durable completion of a financial assistance programme? Past experience with IMF-supported adjustment programmes underlines the importance of external conditions but also of fiscal consolidation, financial repair and structural reforms. These findings vindicate the strategy pursued in recent adjustment programmes in the euro area: putting the fiscal […]

Portugal: Completing the Job

By Subir Lall (Version in Português) Today the IMF released a report on Portugal’s progress under the country’s Economic Adjustment Program. What is the latest assessment? A strong start There is no doubt that Portugal has made remarkable progress over the past three years. When the sovereign lost access to international bond markets in 2011, the outlook was grim. […]

Eurozone Sovereign Debt: All Quiet on the Southern Front

After a wild ride in 2011-2012, interest rates have settled down on European sovereign debt. For now. Yields on long-term government bonds, Jan 2009 to Nov 2013. Data source: Eurostat. Greek yields fell sharply following the PSI agreement in March 2012, a de facto default that ended up reducing the value of Greek’s debt by 20%. But as […]