Three areas that our new President will have to address during his term in office are the recession, energy and the environment, and the long-run fiscal outlook. The recession is the most urgent. But the long-run fiscal outlook will be the most difficult. Social Security and Medicare would have made addressing the long-run fiscal outlook difficult in any case. (Did you know that the first baby-boomers are starting to draw Social Security this year?) The Bush tax cuts of 2001 and 2003 made it worse. The rapid spending increases of the last eight years made it still worse. The financial crisis and recession are now making it still worse. To be clear, fiscal stimulus today is appropriate, given the weak economy. The trick is to combine it with the minimum damage to future budgets.